Bolzano was was launched on 31 August 1932, completed on 19 August 1933 and commissioned. While the Trento-class heavy cruisers were under construction, the Italian naval command began doubting their effectiveness. After fitting-out work was completed, the ship was commissioned into the Italian fleet on 3 April 1929. Group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. Traverse and elevation was electrically operated, including the ammunition hoists. They were powered by twelve oil-fired Yarrow boilers. The cruiser was towed to Napoli and later to La Spezia for repairing. On 14 June, Trento headed from Taranto with the battleships Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, and the cruiser Gorizia, light cruisers Giuseppe Garibaldi and Emanuele Filiberto Duca d’Aosta. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. Each vessel carried two IMAM Ro.43 seaplanes for reconnaissance duties. Trento Class Heavy Cruiser. Trento started a much more ambitious cruise the following month, departing Italian waters on 23 July, bound for South America. 24–30 April, 24–27 May, on 8–9 & 25 June to 1 July, 16–20 July. As a result, it was decided to base a new design on the Trento, but with speed sacrificed to … In November 1936 she participated in another review for the Regent of Hungary, Miklós Horthy. Most of the crew were not on board or had time to escape, but still, she ship trapped 66 men including 10 officers, and about the same number wounded. In October-December, when the war broke out, she was in drydock for a refit, with armament modifications, funnel caps installed and other alterations. [6] While on the way back, British aircraft attacked the Italian cruisers without success. She was repaired at la Spezia and was present at Taranto during the night attack, but spared. however on her way back, Bolzano was ambushed by another British submarine, this time, HMS Unbroken. Therefore, the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano escaped any damage. Detail of the bridge, 1935 – src: history-navy.mil. The main armored deck was 50 mm thick in the central citadel (starting from the forward and aft barbettes), down to 20 mm (0.79 in) on the hull’s ends. Bolzano. At 11:00, the later was close enough to open fire, and the three cruisers returned to close the gap and fire against the British cruisers, armed with 6-in guns. However, with the Washington standard tonage in mind and design revisions, some compromise led to use a reduced powerplant in the available space. She was repaired for three months. [3][4], The keel for Trento was laid down at the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard on 8 February 1925. Blueprints were approved, but soon, as both keels were on the slipways and welding too place for building the hull, some officers in the Regia Marina were concerned about the particularly thin armor. Trento-class cruiser. She took part in the Duisberg convoy on 8–9 November along with Trieste, the two ships serving as the convoy's covering force. In early 1940 a refit saw the fitting of funnel caps. Disaster struck the first division later. Another convoy took place, this time to Libya on 21 November, where Trieste teamed with Duca degli Abruzzi. Outside of the hull, the Bolzano also differed by its superstructure, which was entirely revised: Instead of stacked bridges around a tripod, she has a single massive structure which wrapped the tripod mast, bridges, and front funnel and was appreciated as larger and roomier. Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. This was completed by eight twin Breda 13.2 mm (0.52 in) heavy machine guns. From October to December, the ship underwent a major refit, which included modifications to her armament and the installation of funnel caps. There, she joined the old protected cruiser Libia and gunboats Caboto and Carlotto to protect Italian nationals during the Chinese Civil War. In mid-March, she escorted a convoy to North Africa. Trento is the lead ship of the first Italian class of so-called ‘Treaty Cruisers’, constructed for the Regia Marina in the mid 1920’s. Big Gun Battles: Warship Duels of the Second World War. Late november, the unit departed to intercept a British convoy to Malta, which degenerated into the Cape Spartivento. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … Trento frequently served as the flagship of the Cruiser Division throughout the 1930s. Popular pages. Trento class Heavy Cruiser Trento and Trieste were the first of the Italian World War 2 heavy cruisers to be built, commissioned in 1927 and 1926 respectively. The gun turrets had 100 mm (3.9 in) thick plating on the faces and the supporting barbettes they sat in were 60 to 70 mm (2.4 to 2.8 in) thick. By June 1940, Trento was in Messina as flagship of the 3rd Division. The rest of the year was uneventful, and Trieste was protecting other convoys in January and February. The same detroyers attempted to tow her back, but she was a sitting duck, and an esy prey for submarines. #1/2 The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. Repairs resumed with little progress due to multiple shortages until early 1943, and on 5 June, USAF raids started. Breda M1932 guns and eight 13.2 mm (0.52 in) Breda M1931 machine guns, all in twin mounts, were installed in their place. In service, 30-32 knots was more common. The boilers rooms were compartimented into three sections, each containing four boilers: Two for the forward engines (outboard propellers) and two for the center shafts. There had been a move to design a 15,000-ton cruiser, but this was not possible because of treaty restrictions. Bolzano’s keel was laid down in June 1930. Trento escorted another convoy to Libya, and was back to Messina on 1 August 1940. Breda M1940 and her sister ships eight in 1943. With 196.96 m (646 ft 2 in) long overall (190 meters or 623 ft 4 in between perpendiculars) for a beam of 20.6 m (67 ft 7 in) and a draft of 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) they were long and narrow with a ratio of just 1/10, like destroyers. 602 men were rescued by destroyers however, 21 died of their wounds later; She was only struck from the naval register in 18 October 1946. Some of the escorting destroyers laid a smoke screen to hide the ship from further attacks and tried to tow her back to port, but at 09:10, the British submarine Umbra torpedoed the crippled cruiser. The two ships in the class—Trento and Trieste, were named after the redeemed cities of Trento and Trieste taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I. Trento class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 6x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Bolzano class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 8x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Cadorna class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes Montecuccoli class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes When Italy declared war on Britain and France, Pola has replaced Trieste as squadron flagship, 3rd Division. It was essentially the same as for the Trentos, with a four cells compartmentation, four Parsons geared steam turbines, four screw propellers, but ten brand new oil-fired water-tube boilers. Speed trials, light (10,847 long tons), 36.81 knots was achieved by forcing heat at 173,772 shp (129,582 kW). In 1920, Italy had few modern cruisers. On trials the tripod would prove to vibrate excessively, which doomed all precision fire control and targeting devices. However during her way back of her last convoy she was ambushed and torpedoed near the Strait of Messina, by HMS Triumph. The ships stopped in Port Said, Aden, Colombo, and Singapore en route to Shanghai, where they arrived on 4 March. This allowed the greatest possible arc of fire forward and aft and full broadside as well with little interference. They quickly broke off and retreat. The following day, the fleet encountered British forces covering a merchant ship steaming to Malta, leading to the inconclusive First Battle of Sirte. Ships similar to or like Trento-class cruiser. Lightly armoured, but very fast, the cruisers would serve as the foundation for all of the following cruisers … A raid of B-24 Liberator heavy bombers attacked the docks. [5], On 6–7 July 1933, Trento took part in a major fleet review held in the Gulf of Naples for Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Docking soon in player ports, Trento will round off the highly anticipated research tree of the Regia Marina as the top Italian warship awaiting captains in the War Thunder major update! Vice Admiral Inigo Campioni however became frightened by the strength of the British fleet and ordered a retreat, but the order came too late for the 3rd division, already engaged with British cruisers in what became Battle of Cape Spartivento. Apr 17, 2016 - Italian Trento class Heavy Cruiser Trieste. Trento and Trieste were the first of the Italian World War 2 heavy cruisers to be built, commissioned in 1927 and 1926 respectively. They were large, beautiful ship: very fast but lightly armored -- actually, an oversized light cruiser with 8" guns. They were awaited by a combined submarine and aircraft attack at dusk. The Trento appeared i… She was of course abandoned, a decision which saved any lives. In December she was part of the 2nd Division, the 1st Squadron (The Zara class formed the 1s division by then). The issue analysed later was the poor quality control of ammunition. Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns – src Navweaps.com. At that time, Trento was stationed in Messina, once again the flagship of the 3rd Division. Overall the ship feels sluggish considering its lacklustre armour, and armament, but it is the most manoeuvrable in its class as a heavy cruiser. During the night of 11–12 November, Fleet aor arm planes attacked the base, causing mayhem. The Regia Marina Trento Class cruiser comprised of the Trento, Trieste and arguably the Bolzano. [9] Shortly after 12:00, Italian reconnaissance reports informed the Italian fleet commander, Vice Admiral Inigo Campioni of the strength of the British fleet, and so he ordered his ships to disengage. At cruising speeds, the operational range of the class reached 4,160 nautical miles. Trento arrived back in Taranto on 2 September. She toure eastern Mediterranean again until March 1935, stopping notably at Rhodes and Leros. On 16 December, she escorted two large convoys to Benghazi and Tripoli. While steaming in the Ionian Sea, she was attacked by a Beaufighter around 05:00 and took a torpedo hit. Jump to navigation Jump to search. In the meantime, Pola and two other Zara-class cruisers were destroyed in the night action with British battleships late on the 28th. Zara-class cruiser. Trento-class heavy cruiser Affiliation Regia Marina Max displacement ///information required/// Main guns 2 fore 2aft Sub guns 8 amidship 4 can be torps On 18 June, Trieste temporarily relieved Trento as the divisional flagship. Forward superfiring turrets on the Trieste. From 5 to 19 June, Trento joined the rest of the fleet in Livorno for the first celebration of Navy Day on 10 June. During the pre-war period, she also made lengthy trips abroad, including a tour of South America from May to October 1929 and a deployment to China from January to June 1932 to protect Italian nationals during the Chinese Civil War. In June 1940, Bolzano teamed with the Trento and Trieste as part of the 2nd Division, 2nd Squadron and in July participated in the Battle of Calabria, engaging British cruisers British cruisers, being hit thrice by 6-inch (152 mm) shells from HMS Neptune at 16:05. However the proposal was doomed by a war economy which can barely repaired the cruiser, let alone convert her. Share. The ship carried 203 mm main battery guns. This started a wild fire in the forward boiler rooms, soon flooded. This … The Trento had standard a box armor extending from the second to the third main turret, closed by bulkheads, 60 mm (2.4 in) in thickness, the belt 70 mm (2.8 in), decks 20 to 50 mm (0.79 to 1.97 in), whereas the turrets were protected by 100 mm (3.9 in), as the conning tower. 11/40 Cape Teulada - engagement with British cruisers 3/41 Cape Matapan 41 - cover for convoys to North Africa 42 - Sirte 1 and 2, damaged by heavy seas 15/6/42 - attack on Malta convoy, torpedoed by a Beaufort, which immobilised her, found 4 hours later by submarine Umbra, torpedoed again and sank quickly. This was not considerable, but standard for Italian ships, operating close to the Peninsula. Breda M1932 guns in twin mounts (so four) and eight 13.2 mm (0.52 in) Breda M1931 heavy machine guns (same) were installed. She was the last of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume e Gorizia were the other three), built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930 she entered service in 1932. Trento Class Cruiser Details and Specifications. Because of the weather and Royal Navy threat they took shelter in Messina; They paired for another convoy in June, with destroyers Corazziere, Ascari, and Lanciere. The 100 mm guns were replaced with newer Mod 31 versions of the same caliber. On 31 August, the 3rd Division sortied to intercept the British convoys in Operation Hats, though the Italian fleet broke off the operation without encountering the merchant ships. The gun turrets had 100 mm (3.9 in) faces, but the barbettes rings were 70 mm thick above the deck, 60 mm below. Less than a month later, on 16 December, Trento joined most of the other heavy units of the fleet to escort two large convoys to Benghazi and Tripoli. It was very clear from the start that engineered defined a very high speed as desirable, and a way to deal with most cruisers and scout for the fleet, but required a large reduction in armor protection, save for the displacement. by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. They will be studied all there for practicality. Category:Trento-class cruisers | Military Wiki | Fandom. Naval Front-Line Wiki. In total three of this new breed were started, Trento, Trieste, but one modified heavily and completed much later, Bolzano. Breda M1940 guns in single mounts. Trento actually scored two hits on the cruiser HMS Berwick (County class). She served as a prototype for Trento-class cruisers. Interfere resulted of this between shells in flight. However the budget was never there and the hull was broken up in 1959. Any service era or vessel configuration - We can build a model of them all - your pick. Armament Regia Marina Human Torpedo: Siluro a Lenta Corsa . During one of the latter missions to attack the British Operation Harpoon convoy in June 1942, Trento was torpedoed twice, first by a Bristol Beaufighter torpedo bomber and then sunk by the submarine HMS Umbra with very heavy loss of life. The Trento is tied with the IJN Kako, Tone, and Mogami as the fastest heavy cruisers in-game at a speed of 65 km/h at full speed. At the … Repairs stalled at la Spezia and she was destroyed by Chariots in June 1944. Genova — Italian promo premium Tier V cruiser. This episode resulted in the admiralty to impose the painting of red stripes on white on the forecastles and poor decks of all major Italian vessels to avoid future confusion. Similar record to Trento La Marina Italiana Nella Seconda Guerra Mondiale. At this occasion, Trento duelled with British cruisers but the RAF attacked her several times, but she emerged unscathed. On 27 March, the division, now under Rear Admiral Luigi Sansonetti headed for the island of Crete, hoping to catch a British convoy. Two weeks later, on 27 March, the division—at this time commanded by Rear Admiral Luigi Sansonetti—sortied with the rest of the fleet for a major sweep toward the island of Crete. At 07:55, the 3rd Division spotted them and scrambled combat preparation. English: The Italian Trento-class cruiser ships Trento, Trieste and Bolzano served in World War II. She later teamed with Gorizia and 12th Destroyer Squadron, finding heavy British night air attacks. Italian Heavy Cruiser Trento The Trento class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the late 1920s. She was lightly damaged at Calabria, but spared on other occasions, escorting convoys and patrolling in the central Mediterranean, torpedoed twice by British submarines. The completed hull was scheduled to be launched on 4 September 1927, but sabotage from anti-fascist workers in the shipyard, who had mixed sand into the grease on the slipway, preventing the ship from sliding down into the water. Trento class 1927 heavy cruiser class of the Italian Navy. The Trento class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the late 1920s. Fioravanzo, Giuseppe (1970). [13], On 14 June, Trento left Taranto with Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Gorizia, and the light cruisers Giuseppe Garibaldi and Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta to attack the British convoy from Alexandria steaming to Malta in Operation Harpoon. The Fire control system however was standard, also British in origin, two pairs of Barr & Stroud 5 m (16 ft) coincidence rangefinders installed fore and aft, to serve both turret groups, three on the forward tripod and a single one on the superstructure aft. Aside the light Giussano class designed to catch up French large destroyers, Italy still had to design its first 8-in cruisers. Bolzano was stricken on 27 February 1947, and sold for BU in September 1949. She was in another fleet review in 5 May 1938 for Adolf Hitler’s state visit and in May 1939 for Prince Paul of Yugoslavia. Bolzano. Another convoy to Libya, which passed without incident, followed on 30 July, with Trento returning to Messina on 1 August. In addition to the gun armament, she carried eight 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes in four deck mounted twin launchers. The most characteristic difference with older cruisers, and the light cruisers of the Giussano class, was their flush deck. Denis Trento (born 1982), Italian ski mountaineer; University of Trento, Italy; Trento DOC, an appellation for white and rosé sparkling wine made in Trentino, Italy On 27 March, she participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan, opening fire from afar and spending 132 AP shells, mostly with little results. Completed to a slightly different design. The ship visited Durazzo on 23–26 June 1934, and on 1 July, became the flagship of the 3rd Division. [21] Two Italian destroyers, Lanciere and Scirocco, foundered in heavy weather after the battle; Trento attempted to come to their aid, but they sank before she could reach them. In July 1933, Trento was part of a major fleet review in the Gulf of Naples and she became the flagship of the 2nd Division and from July 1934, flagship of the 3rd Division. At 06:55 on 28 March, Vittorio Veneto’s IMAM Ro.43 located a British cruiser squadron. The convoy was attacked by British warships in the early hours of 9 November, though the covering force failed to intervene and the convoy was destroyed. On 10 April 1943, Trieste was mostly inactive since months at La Maddalena, Sardinia. In 1920, Italy had few modern cruisers. Furthermore, the armor scheme and poor vision control require good positioning and game knowledge. Though nominally built under the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, the two cruisers significantly exce… But the success was cut short by the closing of the battlecruiser HMS Renown. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Trento— Italian Tier VI cruiser. She was the fourth of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia were the other three), and she was built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930, entering service in 1932. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy). They were heard ultimately, but years after and the naval staff would ordered the Zara-class, after a transitional Bolzano that was already improved. Explore Wikis; Community Central; Start a Wiki; Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account? Their first stop was Barcelona. She would be commissioned in August 1933, like the last of the Zara class, and among the last Italian heavy cruisers (the tonnage was capped by the London treaty). Displacement: 10,511 tons / 10,679 tonnes (standard); 13,548 tons / 13,764 tonnes (full load). 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