YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 48 terms. As a result, whenever we consider what is a morally right action to do, we have to keep in mind that the action that would make it so that the accumulated level of happiness in the majority would be higher than the accumulated number of unhappiness in a majority. The question is whether we need to apply this to each specific act or simply to formulating ethical rules. By this criterion, actions considered by themselves are morally neutral—it all depends on … The term beneficence connotes acts or personal qualities of mercy, kindness, generosity, and charity. Act utilitarianism vs rule utilitarianism. Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare. This means that in terms of long term health effects, they are unlikely to be able to enjoy it in time or, even if they o live long enough to get the benefits of reduction to exposure, these benefits are only likely to last a few years before they pass away. Health Canada states that to allow the workers to work in such conditions “creates ill-health and consequent unhappiness” (Argument for Paper 2 11. h�bbd```b``> "��A$��� "�:A$���&w�ɣ`�L��`s�j��@$�2�d���V6�*`�U���׀H%��L`��^`�CA��5�H*��0*, ���?�30120���30:�?��� 0�� This procedure is typically done in emergency rooms, disasters, and wars when there’s limited medical resources and they must be allocated to maximize … She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. For example, utilitarians aim to maximise utility (the state of being useful or beneficial) Define Egalitarian. 32 terms. Rule utilitarianism is concerned with the amount of good when the rule is followed. PHIL 101 Utilitarianism. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. This article will explore and summarise the four main ethical theories that have relevance for healthcare assistants. Now, before we proceed towards looking at some examples, let us discuss this idea a little in detail. To take up utilitarianism first, a simple way to put the basic perspective is to say that when faced with alternative courses of possible action, morality requires us to choose the act or choice or course of action that brings about the greatest good (usually thought of as happiness) for the greatest number of people. Don't use plagiarized sources. This then does not seem like it would benefit them, or the families that are depending on them for sustenance, as the short term and possibly long term effects of closing the mines means that they would not be able to support themselves financially. Utilitarianism holds that what’s ethical (or moral) is whatever maximizes total happiness while minimizing total pain. Example of consequentialism theories is the utilitarianism theory and the principlism theories. It is suggestive of altruism, love, humanity, and promoting the good of others. Virtues as well are such that they must not be too extreme towards either the positive end, or towards the negative end. Through these means, th… At Paperap.com you will find a wide variety of top-notch essay and term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely for free. We could therefore conclude that while Health Canada might be performing a courageous act by asking the miners to relocate, it is not for a worthy cause, and therefore their behavior is invidious. People who had previously been unable to obtain insurance because of a preexisting medical condition or low income are now guaranteed access to coverage through a reformed private market for individual policies and the expansion of Medicaid, which in most states is administered by private plans . Let us consider this case from a utilitarian perspective. While the closure promises long term benefits, we must remember that most of the miners being affect are 50 years old or older. Utilitarianism in Health Care Utilitarianism in Healthcare Introduction Ethics is concerned with prescribing and describing moral requirements and behaviors of a person. For example, the virtue courage is a virtue because it is a middle ground between being a coward or being extremely impulsive. 550 For example, assume a hospital has four people whose lives depend upon receiving organ transplants: a heart, lungs, a kidney, and a liver. Let’s consider the specific examples. Utilitarianism is a philosophical theory which states that that which is right is what brings the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest maximum number of people. It requires the consideration of the overall happiness of an action. For example, the fact that an act is a crime, or results from a vicious character trait, does not make it wrong; moreover, such a fact does not detract from its moral value at all, according to act utilitarianism. The former states that working in mines leads to an increased chance of contracting pulmonary disease. I wall TLS examine honest. Don't Miss a Chance to Connect With Experts. Universal health care has been a much debated topic in the United States recently due to the health care bill that was passed in May of 2010. In short, the negative potential for happiness is a certainty, while the positive potential for happiness is only theoretical. Medical triage is the use of assignment to patients based on the urgency of their wounds or illnesses to determine the order of treatments on a large number of patients or casualties. This would also have the result in increasing the workers’ happiness levels, as by moving away to seek other employment, they would be less exposed to the health hazards and therefore maximize their health and freedom (Argument for Paper 2). An example of act utilitarianism is a pharmaceutical company releasing a drug that has been governmentally approved with known side effects because the drug is able to help more people than are bothered by the minor side effects. However, giving a dry biscuit to a man who is dying of thirst will increase his pain. 2.2 Utilitarian Ethics Utilitarian ethics is a normative ethical system that is primarily concerned with the consequences of ethical decisions; therefore it can be described as a teleological theory or consequentialist theory, which are essentially the same thing, both having a notion that the consequence of the act is the most important determinant of the act being moral or not. Utilitarianism. h�b```b``����� $� ̀ �,l@�q�AQ�)���j;�o3lp�b*>����;3�����r�޾�w;XcF�Rw��}b;� 12Ꜻs�/��yp�O.ݝ�U�ٜ���Ͳ|��S����9�n�ur�D.�\. These theories have a broad application in different disciplines including the healthcare. In the context of global health, this implies: 1. words(double Hedonism states … Application of Utilitarianism to Various Case Studies Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a simple ethical theory to both explain and assess. The experts divide the utilitarianism by two types: the act and the rule utilitarianism. In the case of the authorities, while they might regard themselves as having the good’ virtues, such as of honesty and courage, of their attempt to shut down the mines, I feel that the ultimate outcome of this intent does not reflect the virtues that are supposed to have created this shutdown, and therefore the traits are not morally good Let us KICK at ten two vultures AT nonsense Ana courage. of service. %PDF-1.6 %���� She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. Utilitarianism also has trouble accounting for values such as justice and individual rights. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. (2019, Dec 05). To see what's at issue, consider an example. Thus, the overarching maxim of Utilitarianism is, “Act in such a way as to generate the maximum quantum of well-being, happiness, or utility”, or in Bentham’s famous dictum, “the greatest good for the greatest number” . In the famous American television medical drama, Dr. House prefers to take into account specific circumstances, therefore he thinks rather as utilitarian of the act. Utilitarianism is fundamentally welfarist in its philosophy. How about make it original at only $13.9/page? It's Free! People and organizations exist within a code of ethics. As such, the virtues are virtues such that if it is good for a person to possess such a character trait, then it is a virtue. The consequences of the act of giving money to charity would be considered right in act-utilitarianism, because the money increases the happiness of many people, rather than just yourself. All the content of this paper is her own research and point of view on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare and … If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. While it Is true that keeping the mines open leads to economic benefits, these benefits are outweighed by the adverse health effects that the miners In turn suffer as a result of their inherent working conditions. Utilitarianism as an ethical theory Utilitarianism is the view that an act is right if it equals the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. I argue that under the principles of utilitarianism, closing the mines would ultimately be a morally wrong act to befall the miners, and consequently, the majority. How about receiving a customized one? She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. An important distinction in Utilitarianism is whether it should be concerned with the consequences of individual actions (a position that is called Act Utilitarianism) or with the overall consequences of having particular rules (a position that is called Rule Utilitarianism). More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. It can be discussed to which extent GE Healthcare has an ethical responsibility in the way their equipment is used. %%EOF Get Your Custom Essay on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare Just from $13,9/Page, We will write a custom essay sample on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page. When applying virtue theory to the case of shutting down coalmining In the town of. In helping others, we should try to use our resources to do the most good, impartially considered, that we can. Here you will also find the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your research paper well-formatted and your essay highly evaluated. 9). This sample is completed by Emma with Health Care as a major. “Utilitarianism is the moral doctrine that we should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our actions” (9). Subject: Health, Parent topic: spaced), Paper type: Essay , Finally, we saw above that according to act utilitarianism, nothing other than overall well-being matters to the moral value of an act. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. As well, utilitarianism is bias- free, in that the happiness levels of your close friends and family do not take priority ever the happiness levels of the neighbors next door, or of people in countries that you have never visited and will never know. Belleville, we must then In this case consider the moral character of both the authorities who are trying to shut down the mining, as well as the miners whose jobs are affected. In essence, therefore, the premises of utilitarianism can be referred to as a variation or extension of the philosophy of consequentialism. Want to get a price estimate for your Essay? It seems like they are not being wholly truthful, as they have failed to highlight the other potential health dangers of closing down the mine. Act utilitarians focus on the effects of individual actions (such as John Wilkes Booths assassin… 0 the option that maximizes utility, for example when a lie can spare a patient unnecessary stress and when there is no risk of its being discovered. 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