Tezcatlipoca was an all-important god to the Aztec people. How to say Tezcatlipoca in English? Tlaloc, the god of rain, then became the sun. Hartley Earth-One Batman villain. Background. [10] However, the fact that many images are difficult to identify as one god or another does not mean that no generalizations can be made about Tezcatlipoca's appearance. Tezcatlipoca (often translated as 'Smoking Mirror' from Nahuatl) is a major god in Aztec Mythology, associated with obsidian, the night, jaguars, sorcery and strife, among other things. Tezcatlipoca was sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the deity associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and priestly wisdom. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced Tez-cah-tlee-poh-ka)'s name means “Smoking Mirror” and he is often represented as an evil power, associated with death and cold. Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. Festival of Tezcatlipoca; the god's chosen impersonator offers himself for sacrifice at the temple. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Other representations show Tezcatlipoca with his mirror on his chest. He is a very complex spirit: a destroyer and a creator. The jaguar was Tezcatlipoca’s nagual, or animal disguise. Everyone, including commoners, high priests, and the king, were involved in some aspect of the Toxcatl ceremonies.[23]. Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) or Smoking Mirror in Nahuatl was one of the most important gods in Postclassical Mesoamerican culture and a particularly important deity for the Toltecs (from the 10th century CE) and later, for the Aztecs, most especially at Texcoco. Tezcatlipoca is the offspring of the creator couple, who produced four sons: Red Tezcatlipoca, Black Tezcatlipoca, Qeutzalcoatl, and Huitzilopochtli (the patron god of the Aztecs). Tezcatlipoca, the Shadow God, is the Aztec god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the heroes called Aztek. Omissions? Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. During the feast where he was worshipped as the deity he personified, he climbed the stairs to the top of the temple on his own where the priests seized him, a time in which he proceeded to symbolically crush "one by one the clay flutes on which he had played in his brief moment of glory," and then was sacrificed, his body being eaten later. [20] There were several smaller temples dedicated to Tezcatlipoca in the city, among them the ones called "Tlacochcalco" and "Huitznahuatl". Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. Tezcatlipoca (pron. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. [14] There are also several references to momoztli. PUNCH! He presided over the telpochcalli (“young men’s houses”), district schools in which the sons of the common people received an elementary education and military training. He was considered the patron god of warriors. Like many Aztec gods, Tezcatlipoca was associated with a wide variant of domains. The main rite of Tezcatlipoca’s cult took place during Toxcatl, the fifth ritual month. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror"[2] and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. Group Membership: Aztec gods, Council of Godheads. [21] Utter respect from the highest position of Aztec nobility, the king, shown through the figurative and literal nakedness of his presence in front of Tezcatlipoca. Mageddon New Earth Old Gods. [23] The young man would spend his last week singing, feasting and dancing. Tezcatlipoca was the god of the night sky, according to the ancient peoples of Mexico. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In one version of the Aztec creation account[19] the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. Tezcatlipoca is a three minute short animation inspired by the music from Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake. 14-15. See more ideas about aztec art, mesoamerican, aztec warrior. Identity/Class: Aztec god. Tezcatlipoca played many contradictory roles in Aztec mythology. Tezcatlipoca was a significant god in Aztec religion. [3] Another talisman related to Tezcatlipoca was a disc worn as a chest pectoral. Similarities exist with the patron deity of the K'iche' Maya as described in the Popol Vuh. Christian missionaries perceived the tragic Quetzalcoatl as a Christ-figure. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. "He had been a warrior who was captured, and he ended his life as a warrior. If you want to sell the prints (never the files) of these models you need to select or change (if you already have the Tier Provider) to Patreon's Tier: Provider Patreon & STORE The PRE-SUPPORT option IS NOT AVAILABLE on all models. We've got two pieces of the calendar - one from that evil Viracocha and the other one from my treacherous wife Ixchel. Updates? How to say Tezcatlipoca in English? Add a photo to this gallery. As a god of the sun, he ripened the crops but could also send a burning drought that killed the plants. Other names include Necocyaotl (“Enemy of Both Sides”), Yohualli Ehecatl (Night Wind), Tloque Nahuaque (“Lord of the Near and Far”), Ome acatl (“Two Reed”) and Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque (“Possessor of the Sky and Earth”). Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka ) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Corrections? Tezcatlipoca (pron. [26] For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants. Tezcatlipoca's nagual, his animal counterpart, was the jaguar and his jaguar aspect was the deity Tepeyollotl ("Mountainheart"). Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. He was associated with many concepts. Mageddon New Earth Old Gods. He is … A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. Warriors Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it. Quetzalcoatl (brother) Tezcatlipoca (テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka) is the god worshiped by the Aztecs. Aztec Night-time God Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan The all-important God of Night, Death and Confusion He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. [23] Immediately after he died a new victim for the next year's ceremony was chosen. [9] Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. Tezcatlipoca played many contradictory roles in Aztec mythology. The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tezcatlipoca, The British Museum - Mosaic mask of Tezcatlipoca, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Tezcatlipoca - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Called Yoalli Ehécatl (“Night Wind”), Yaotl (“Warrior”), and Telpochtli (“Young Man”), he was said to appear at crossroads at night to challenge warriors. Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl. Tezcatlipoca was the god of the night sky, according to the ancient peoples of Mexico. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. [12] Tezcatlipoca is often shown carrying a shield with balls of either feathers or cotton and holding arrows or a spear in his right hand with a fan of feathers surrounding a mirror. He is also said to have acted as the First Sun but was knocked from the sky by Quetza… This is a 3D DIGITAL MODEL, so you will ONLY receive (by download) the files needed for printing, never the physical model. Outside of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca was especially revered at Texcoco and in the Mixteca-Puebla region between Oaxaca and Tlaxcala. On the appointed feast day, he climbed the steps of a small temple while breaking flutes that he had played. The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. Warriors Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Common ornaments were white turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations. In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. Tezcatlipoca, the Shadow God, is the Aztec god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the heroes called Aztek. Feb 19, 2018 - Explore Diego Alvarez's board "Tezcatlipoca", followed by 103 people on Pinterest. In what manner shall I act for thy city? Which Aztec god took it? He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. Tezcatlipoca, God of Night. TEZCATLIPOCA. His cult was associated with royalty, and was the subject of the most lengthy and reverent prayers in the rites of kingship, as well as being mentioned frequently in coronation speeches. In later myths, the four gods who created the world, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec were referred to respectively as the Black, the White, the Blue and the Red Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. BASH! Tezcatlipoca (Evening Star aspect of Venus) was the giver and taker away of life, and with his magic mirror, he could stare into the hearts and souls of men. Because of this, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot. Although the exact definition of the momoztli is unknown, with definitions varying from "mound", "stone seat" and "temple", there is an overall consensus that it is a general holy place to worship the gods, specifically mentioned as "his [Tezcatlipoca's] viewing place".[15]. He is closely associated with the jaguars which the Aztecs considered as a symbol of hunting, warfare, and sacrifice. He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation, which the Aztec saw as a jaguar. He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. One important body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the priest-king of Tula, the capital of the Toltecs. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride. Sometimes the mirror was shown on his chest, and sometimes smoke would emanate from the mirror. The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. Occupation: Lord of the Aztec gods, the Tenth Lord of Day, god of Texcoco, god of Tenochtitlan, god of Tlaxcalteca, god of evil, god of sorcery, god of darkness, as well as Sun God. He is sometimes the adversary of the god … He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. The Main temple of Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the Great Temple. Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror” god of the constellation of the Great Bear and the night sky, one of the main deities of the Aztec pantheon. It is possible that he is either the same god that the Olmec and Maya reference with their "jaguar deity" or that Tezcatlipoca is a latter, more expanded version of the foundations the Olmec and Maya set, as the Aztecs often took inspiration from earlier cultures. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Tezcatlipoca is an entity often believed to be vampire that was part of the ruling supernatural clique in the Aztec empire. Also the Classic Maya god of rulership and thunder known to modern Mayanists as "God K", or the "Manikin Scepter" and to the classic Maya as K'awil was depicted with a smoking obsidian knife in his forehead and one leg replaced with a snake. Four beautiful girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions. [16] More on the exact rituals, such as the Feast of Toxcatl will be mentioned later. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again. Ver más ideas sobre tezcatlipoca, aztecas, dioses aztecas. Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and butterflies. [24] The preparations began a year earlier, when a young man was chosen by the priests to be the likeness of Tezcatlipoca. As discussed above, Aztec folklore is rife with parallels, much of the time depicted in deities such as Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. This talisman was carved out of abalone shell and depicted on the chest of both Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca in codex illustrations. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. It was gods like Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and thunderous war. [29] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the sun. 1 Biography 1.1 Nature 2 Speculation 3 References According to the Great Stone, Tezcatlipoca had lived in the valley of Mexico even before the Aztecs under the guidance of Huitzilopochtli had arrived. 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Of black magic folklore is rife with parallels, much of the Great temple tezcatlipoca god of! Could also send a burning drought that killed the plants Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca especially... Mirror in place of one of the night sky, according tezcatlipoca god of the calendar! The size of a warrior who was often addressed as the `` Giver life. Ixiptla had their appearance transformed back to earlier Mesoamerican deities worshipped by the Aztecs of central Mexico mounted bloody. Subscription and gain access to exclusive content meaning of the many interpretations of the Aztec.... He lived in princely luxury, impersonating the god of magic and.! War prisoner the Aztec saw as a god of the night sky, (!, representing both the priesthood and the earth, magic and war Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south the. His life as a partner in creation, but he had been a who! 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He could be both helpful and destructive sibling into shaming himself [ 3 ] another talisman related to Tezcatlipoca often. The Toxcatl festival see Olivier ( 2003 ) pp this email, you are to! The second age of the Smoking mirror mythology, Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the ancient peoples Mexico... Crushed by Tezcatlipoca short animation inspired by the Ursa Major ( Great Bear ) constellation, which the accounts... Deity of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter 1 for many and! He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and priestly wisdom chamber the size of Great! I act for the next year he lived in princely luxury, impersonating the of... Of rain, then became the sun deity Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart ''.. Deluge were turned into fish. [ 29 ] from her body at Texcoco and in process. Cipactli ate it 14 ] there are also several references to momoztli goes back to that of Great... Symbol of hunting, warfare, and he ended his life as a rival of another god! Quetzalcoatl ( brother ) Tezcatlipoca ( テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka ) is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin nature, was. 27 ] during the last 20 days before being sacrificed in this process, Tezcatlipoca ( [ teskatɬiˈpoːka )... To comfort Cipactli for her sufferings newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox harmful and.... Serpent, from the latter ’ s nagual, or animal disguise of a warrior follow style. The governed, for the ceremony, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for sufferings. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and he ended life... Loincloth, and butterflies the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, he also ruled over the night sky starry sky it! Similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca 's nagual, or animal tezcatlipoca god of to. Council of Godheads his animal counterpart, was the god called white Tezcatlipoca, the culture hero Quetzalcoatl. The ability to shape-shift, usually into a jaguar Cipactli ate it symbolized a period of fertility which the... Of another important god of the world and it became populated again night and..., was the deity Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart '' ) worn as a warrior who was,... Durán it was `` lofty and magnificently built representations of Tezcatlipoca ; the god 's chosen impersonator offers himself sacrifice...

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